2019 Micoses, 2019 Oct;62(10):932-936. doi: 10.1111/myc.12965. Epub 2019 Jul 29.
University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, Centro Hospitalar S.João EPE, Porto, Portugal, Center for Health Technology and Services Research, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, Episkin Academy, Lyon, France, Cardiovascular R&D Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal 6 Burn Unit, Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Centro Hospitalar S.João EPE, Porto, Portugal

Malassezia clinical isolates behavior on a reconstructed human epidermis

The immediate immune response developed by the keratinocytes against Malassezia yeasts has been addressed yielding conflicting results. This study aims the assessment of cytokines and antimicrobial peptides gene expression elicited by M. sympodialis and M. furfur once in contact with a reconstructed human epidermis. A yeast suspension was prepared in RPMI 1640 medium (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) supplemented with Tween 60 and oleic acid to obtain approximately 1 × 106 cells in a volume of 100 μL. Clinical isolates of M. sympodialis (from pityriasis versicolor) and
M. furfur (from seborrhoeic dermatitis) were inoculated, separately, onto a reconstructed human epidermis. A distinct expression pattern was found between the two tested species, with a tendency for overexpression of pro-inflammatory cytokines very soon after infection, whereas no significant expression or gene downregulation was often noticed following 24 and 48 h of incubation. A possible Malassezia species-dependent immune response pattern is highlighted.