Skin Pharmacol Appl Skin Physiol 2002 ;15 Suppl 1):59-67
Paul Gerson Unna-Skin Research Center, Beiersdorf AG, Hamburg, Germany.
Comparison of activities dependent on glutathione S-transferase and cytochrome P-450 IA1 in cultured keratinocytes and reconstructed epidermal models
There is an increasing need for in vitro testing of compounds for topical application. Reconstructed epidermal models may provide a suitable and relevant model for screening compounds that may affect the activities of phase I and II enzymes involved in epidermal detoxification. In this study, we measured the activity of a phase I enzyme, cytochrome P450 IA1, i.e. 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) and 7-ethoxycoumarin-O-deethylase (ECOD) activities, and that of a phase II enzyme, glutathione S-transferase (GST). The enzyme activities were determined in cultured keratinocytes, reconstructed epidermal models and samples of human epidermis or hair follicle. EROD activity was detected in cultured keratinocytes and was induced by 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC) and beta-naphthoflavone. The level of induction increased with increasing confluence. Induced EROD activity could be inhibited by clotrimazole in a dose-dependent manner. However, EROD activity was not detected in either hair follicles or untreated epidermal models but could be induced by 3-MC. The ability to induce EROD activity in epidermal models was batch dependent, and clotrimazole was able to inhibit the induced EROD activity. ECOD activity was detected in untreated models and paralleled EROD activity. GST activity was detected in cultured keratinocytes and all epidermal models. GST activity in models was equal or higher than the activity in epidermal samples. Reconstructed skin models may be useful to study the effects of non-water-soluble topical formulations on xenobiotic metabolism. Copyright 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel