Arch Dermatol Res Date: Aug 25 2004 ;
L'Oreal, Centre Charles Zviak, 90 rue du General Roguet, 92583, Clichy Cedex, France.
Gene expression profiles of three different models of reconstructed human epidermis and classical cultures of keratinocytes using cDNA arrays
The gene expression profiles of three different models of reconstructed human epidermis were analyzed in a comparative study using cDNA array technology. The study also included normal human subconfluent keratinocytes cultured on plastic. Arrays were custom-made and comprised 504 known genes related to cutaneous biology. The gene expression profiles of the three reconstructed epidermis models shared 86% similarity; only 22 of the 504 examined genes showed a different expression level. A comparison of the 3D models with keratinocyte cultures on plastic dishes revealed a set of six genes with a considerably higher expression in the 3D models. These genes were keratin 1, corneodesmosin, filaggrin, loricrin, calmodulin-like skin protein and caspase 14, all related to keratinocyte terminal differentiation. The reported data may contribute to a better understanding and characterization of reconstructed epidermal models and may also serve as established references for investigations related to epidermal differentiation and proliferation.